The World Health Organization (WHO) on Tuesday published its first essential diagnostics list (EDL), cataloging the 113 most critical categories of diagnostics tests needed to diagnose the most common conditions as well as a number of global priority diseases.
The World Health Organization said that the catalogue was created as a reference for governments to update or develop their own essential diagnostics list.
“An accurate diagnosis is the first step to getting effective treatment. No one should suffer or die because of lack of diagnostic services, or because the right tests were not available,” said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General.
WHO in a statement said that an estimated 46 per cent of adults with Type 2 diabetes worldwide were undiagnosed, risking serious health complications and higher health costs.
late diagnosis of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis increases the risk of their spread and makes them more difficult to treat
It also said that late diagnosis of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis increases the risk of their spread and makes them more difficult to treat.
The Economic Times news website reported that the essential diagnostics list concentrates on in-vitro tests like tests of blood and urine. Apart from this, 58 tests are listed for detection and diagnosis of a wide range of common conditions, thus providing an essential package that can form the basis for screening and management of patients and 55 tests for the detection, diagnosis and monitoring of priority diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus, tuberculosis, malaria, hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus and syphilis.
It also reported that some of the tests are particularly suitable for primary health care facilities, where laboratory services are often poorly resourced and sometimes non-existent. The list also provides links to WHO guidelines or publications and to pre-qualified products.
WHO Assistant Director-General for Access to Medicines, Vaccines and Pharmaceuticals Mariângela Simão said: “Our other goal is to signal to countries and developers that the tests in the list must be of good quality, safe and affordable.”
The WHO will update the essential diagnostics list on a regular basis.